5 Simple Steps to Protect your Digital Downloads
A couple of days ago, I was searching for a popular eBook online.
Now I'm not going to tell you the name of this eBook for reasons you'll understand
in the next few minutes.
Okay, so here I was, opening Google, entering the name of the eBook - clicking
search, and checking through the first few pages of search results.
-> Forward to Page 5 of Google
I saw a link that looked like a PDF document.
Right click -> open in new window
There, in full glory, was the eBook I was searching for!
The complete eBook, mind you, not a trial or demo - sitting there for the world
And this is a product that sells for over $25 online!!
Obviously I'm not going to tell you the name of the eBook because it would
not be fair to the reseller.
But it just made me realise that one of the reasons digital theft is so prevalent
is simply because... its so EASY!
Don't get me wrong. I don't condone theft of any kind - digital or otherwise.
But would YOU shell out $25 for a product that everyone can 'legally' download
off the 5th page of Google?
Most people would just shrug their shoulders, hit the save button and thank
their lucky stars.
Result: The opposite of $ KA-CHING $ for the sellers
One of the problems with selling digital products online is that it is so SIMPLE
to do. So now everyone and their grandmother wants to do it.
But most newbies have no idea that it requires only a few simple steps to ensure
a moderate degree of security for your downloads.
So here I've outlined the five most BASIC security steps That anyone selling
digital products online must take.
These will take you only a few minutes to do, and you do not need any special
software or programming knowledge.
1. ZIP THAT FILE
The biggest problem arises when sellers store their downloads as PDF documents,
as in my experience above.
Now you should know that Google, Altavista and many other search engines can
read and list PDF files.
While this may not be a problem for those adding content to their sites in
the form of PDF newsletters and reports, it also means that you must never store
a product you want to SELL as a PDF file (unless it is in a password- protected
It gets worse. Google also converts your PDF files into HTML documents. So
ordinary browsers not only have access to your PDF file, but - horror of horrors
- they can download your SOURCE FILE as well!!
The next logical step is for them to customize it with their own links, compile
it and sell it or give it away.
Result: The opposite of $ KA-CHING $ for the sellers ...AND the author.
A simple way of keeping your files out of the reach of spiders is to upload
them as a zip file. Search engines cannot look inside zip files (yet) and list
2. CREATE AN INDEX.HTML FILE
You MUST have an index.html file in EVERY folder. It acts like a curtain that
keeps your files away from prying eyes.
A folder without an index file is like a house without walls. Everyone can
enter and help themselves to the valuables.
The 'index.htm' file is the default file that opens when you click on the link
If you don't create an index.htm or index.html file, you'd be allowing everyone
to directly access the root directory of the folder where you store your downloads.
Here is a folder I uploaded to show you what happens when you DON'T have an
As you can see, all the files stored in it are clearly visible and ready to
And yes, feel free to help yourself - I won't accuse you of stealing :-)
3. SHOW PEEPING TOMS THE EXIT
You can use a simple script to redirect peeping Toms back to your home page.
Here's the easiest way to do it using what it called a "meta refresh tag."
Add it between the Header tags like this.
<head> <META HTTP-EQUIV="refresh" content="0;URL=http://ebizwhiz-publishing.com">
< with <
> with >
" with "
Just replace my URL with your own in the example above and paste it into the
head of your document (before your text).
You can see how it works by clicking on the test folder here.
Now even though you click on the folder URL, you will be sent to my home page.
4. SPIDER-PROOF YOUR DOWNLOAD PAGES
To prevent search engine spiders from reading and listing the download pages
that link to your eBooks add the tag below in the head of the document.
This "Robot" tag tells the spider that this page is not to be spidered
or indexed. As a result it should never show up on a search.
<head> <META NAME="ROBOTS" CONTENT="NOINDEX,
5. CHANGE YOUR DOWNLOAD LINKS OFTEN
To prevent unscrupulous people from posting your download links on forums or
message boards, change the folder or file name where you store them from time
to time, even if it means having to change the download links in your merchant
Using these methods will give you a good degree of satisfaction, knowing that
you have taken the most basic steps to protect your digital valuables - and
at absolutely no cost to you.
If you want greater security and more information on plugging the security
loopholes in your website, check out a selection of digital
download protection tools.
Copyright © 2003 Priya
Priya Shah is the author of the search engine optimization guide, Number One In Your Niche and edits the newsletters Be a Whiz at eBiz! and The Glutathione Report